Perancangan Sistem Kontrol CNC Pengebor PCB Otomatis Berbasis Raspberry PI

Eka Satrio, Koko Joni, Kunto Aji Wibisono

Abstract


Circuit Board (PCB) is a micro-board containing various components electronics used in an automatic circuit. In PCB drilling is usually done human which takes a lot}when the hole in the PCB is getting more and more. And it takes precision when the eye touches the PCB board which gives rise to friction force and can cause drilling. The purpose of this research was the development of tools in the form of automated drills using computers with BCNC software as face-to-face CNC movements. The engine is driven with stepper motor and dc motor as spindle. In this BCNC software the drilling process is done by entering the codes in the form of gcode which can later be read by CNC. The coordinates of the holes in the layout that have been created are obtained by converting the layout into codes called gcode. The process is carried out using PCB designer software. Thoroughness testing on all six axes found an error 1,2% with ten attempts each. PID implementation on DC motor obtained constant value Kp = 54, Ki = 38 and Kd = 0.9. As well as before drilling, the installation of drill bits must be precise so that at the time of spinning, the drill bits do not shake.


Keywords


CNC, PCB, BCNC

Full Text:

PDF

References


E. Prianto and H. S. Pramono, “Proses Permesinan Cnc Dalam Pembelajaran Simulasi,” J. Edukasi Elektro, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 62–68, 2017.

D. R. Patel, “Fabrication of Low Cost CNC Engraving Machine,” Int. J. Res. Appl. Sci. Eng. Technol., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 4850–4855, 2018.

A. A. Fuadzi, I. Santosa, and G. R. Wilis, “Instrumen Kendali Mesin Cnc Portable Berbasis Microcontroller Arduino Dan Modul Cnc Shield,” 1st Mech. Eng. Natl. Converence, 2018, pp. 87–96, 2018.

N. K. Mukhofidhoh, “Rancang Bangun Mesin Pengebor PCB Mini Otomatis Berbasis Arduino UNO,” J. Tek. Elektro, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 9–16, 2018.

D. K. Pradana, “Rancang Bangun Cnc Milling Machinehome Made,” Teknol. Elektro Vol.10 no.1, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 35–41, 2011.

A. R. Sonawane, A. B. Rane, and D. S. S. Sudhakar, “Development of a3-Axis Cnc Milling Machine With an Open Source Controller,” Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol., vol. 06, no. 08, pp. 9–15, 2017.

P. Gadhe, V. Jangir, and M. Yede, “Design and Implementation of PCB Using CNC,” Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 2–5, 2017.

D. G. Subagio, Teknik Pemrograman Cnc Bubut Dan Freis. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2008.

Surwanto, Mahir Permesinan CNC Milling. Yogyakarta, 2018.

M. Amala and S. Widyanto, “Pengembangan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Operasi Mesin Milling Cnc Trainer,” J. Tek. Mesin, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 204–210, 2014.

V. N. Febrianto, “Aplikasi Kontrol PID untuk Pengaturan Putaran Motor DC pada Alat Pengepres Adonan Roti (Screw Conveyor),” Jur. Tek. Elektro Fak. Tek. Univ. Brawijaya, pp. 1–6, 2014.

A. Restu, J. Wiriawan, and A. Irawan, “Pengaturan Kecepatan Motor DC dengan Kontrol Proporsional Integral Derifatif ( PID ) Berbasis LabView,” Telekontran, vol. 4, no. Oktober, pp. 13–24, 2016.

D. Erison, “Perancangan Mesin Bor PCB Menggunakan CNC: Tatap Muka Pergerakan Mesin CNC Secara Otomatis Menggunakan Visual Basic,” Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya, 2017.

M. Zulfikar, “Apa Itu Fritzing?,” 2015. [Online]. Available: http://zulfikar218.blogspot.com/2015/05/apa-itu-fritzing.html.

P. Sugiri, “Final Project Design of Computer Based Automatic,” UNIVERSITAS SANATA DHARMA YOGYAKARTA, 2015.

I. Widhiada, W. Yuda Ade Putra, and C. Indra Partha, “Auto Tuning PID Controller Untuk Mengendalikan Kecepatan DC Servomotor Robot Gripper 5 Jari,” J. Energi Dan Manufaktur, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 187–192, 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26623/elektrika.v13i1.3125

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Office: Ruang Dekanat, Gedung A Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Semarang, Jalan Soekarno - Hatta, Tlogosari, Semarang - Jawa Tengah Telp:(024) 6702757 Fax: (024) 6702272, Email : elektrika@usm.ac.id

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License