Rancang Bangun Acrylic Engraver and Cutting Machine Menggunakan CNC Milling 3 Axis Berbasis Mikrokontroler

Iklil Vurqon Choirony, Mohammad Slamed Hariyanto, Miftachul Ulum, Achmad Ubaidillah, Haryanto Haryanto, Riza Alfita

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to design and implement an automatic acrylic carving and cutting tool using a microcontroller-based 3-axis CNC machine. Computer Numerical Control (CNC) is a machine technology that is operated automatically to support the demand for a product that has a complex shape and high accuracy. In general, the construction of a 3-axis CNC machine and its working system is synchronization between the computer and its mechanics. This tool has a work process by utilizing the G-Code method as a command on the machine to carry out engraving and cutting automatically. The G-code was obtained from a previously designed image and then converted using the Aspire 9.0 software. Engraving and cutting is done by sending the G-code file to the microcontroller via the Universal G-code Sender software, then the microcontroller sends a signal to drive the motor driver which then drives the stepper motor so that the actuator movement is generated according to the image in the G-code file. Simultaneously the spindle motor will be active to engrave or cut acrylic. In this study, a trial scenario was carried out to determine the precision and accuracy of the tool, namely by engraving and cutting flat shapes such as squares, circles, triangles and segments. The percentage of success generated from this tool is 97,08% to 100%. Furthermore, testing is carried out to make products in the form of engraving writing, logos and calligraphy. Apart from that, we also tested cutting letters and key chains. When the test is carried out, the accuracy level is 1mm. 


Keywords


CNC, Stepper Motor, G-code, acrylic

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Gumelar, “Rancang Bangun Cnc (Computer Numerically Controlled) PCB Layout Berbasis Mikrokontroler P- ISSN : 2302-3295,” vol. 8, no. 3, 2020.

M. Jufrizaldy, “Rancang Bangun Mesin CNC Milling Menggunakan System Kontrol GRBL Untuk Pembuata Layout PCB,” vol. 4, no. 1, 2020.

D. S. Widodo et al., “Rancang Bangun Mesin CNC 3-Axis Berbasis Mikrokontroler Arduino,” pp. 300–308, 2019.

A. S. dan K. Suharto, Kunto Purbono, “Grafir Batu Alam dengan Mesin CNC Router untuk Meningkatkan Ragam Produk Kreatif Indonesia,” vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1–7, 2017.

A. Eko and M. Darwis, “Rancang Bangun Mesin Laser Engraver and Cutter Untuk Membuat Kemasan Modul Praktikum Berbahan Akrilik,” vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 40–50, 2020.

I. S. Harrizal, A. Prayitno, J. T. Mesin, U. Riau, K. Bina, and W. Panam, “Rancang Bangun Sistem Kontrol Mesin CNC Milling 3 axis Menggunakan Close Loop System,” pp. 1–8, 2017.

M. Prashil, N. Patel, M. Shreyas, D. Pavagadhi, and S. G. Acharya, “Design and Development of Portable 3-Axis CNC Router Machine,” Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., pp. 1452–1455, 2019.

K. J. Madekar, K. R. Nanaware, P. R. Phadtare, and V. S. Mane, “Automatic mini CNC machine for PCB drawing and drilling,” 2016.

R. Ginting, S. Hadiyoso, and S. Aulia, “Implementation 3-Axis CNC Router for Small Scale Industry,” vol. 12, no. 17, pp. 6553–6558, 2017.

S. Samsiana and S. Marini, “Motor Stepper pada Mesin Labelling,” vol. 1, no. 2.

A. Mujadin and D. Astharini, “Uji Kinerja Modul Pelatihan Motor Penunjang Mata Kuliah Mekatronika,” J. Al-AZHAR Indones. SERI SAINS DAN Teknol., vol. 3, no. 3, p. 127, 2017.

F. Ridwan and A. Novriheldi, “METAL : Jurnal Sistem Mekanik dan Termal Rancang Bangun Mesin CNC 2 Sumbu,” vol. 02, pp. 91–98, 2017.

W. Abdi, “Rancang Bangun Woodworking CNC Machine (WCM) 3 Axis (X,Y,Z) Menggunakan Motor Stepper Mach3 PC Base,” 2017.

Y. Dhaware, P. Palkuntwar, H. Narkhede, R. Meher, P. Chavan, and B. Gandevia, “Review on Comparative Analysis of Ball Screw & Lead Screw,” no. June, pp. 769–772, 2019.

Addinul, Fahmi, haq “Mengatur Kecepatan Motor DC Spindle Berbasis PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) pada Mesin CNC Portable. 2017.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26623/elektrika.v13i1.3071

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Office: Ruang Dekanat, Gedung A Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Semarang, Jalan Soekarno - Hatta, Tlogosari, Semarang - Jawa Tengah Telp:(024) 6702757 Fax: (024) 6702272, Email : elektrika@usm.ac.id

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License