Living with HIV/AIDS: Stigma and Social Discrimination

Dewi Kurnia Putri, Hema Malini, Basmanelly Basmanelly

Abstract


The diagnose HIV/AIDS in Melayu community is often experience social discrimination and stigma. This situation could lead to mental health disorders among people with HIV/AIDS. This study explores the perceived stigma and social discrimination among people with HIV/AIDS, how they adapt with the situation. Using phenomenological approach, in-depth interview was conducted with seven participants, then analyzed using Collaizi approach. The result showed that most of the participants experienced stigma and lead to received social discrimination from community members such as neighbor, colleagues, relatives, close friend, and even the health professionals. Some of them can adapt well, however, most of them felt anger, depressed, and negative coping such as lying and anti-social. It is recommended to increase social awareness of this situation especially for providing support for people with HIV/AIDS, to improve their quality of life especially their mental health status.

Keywords


Mental Health, Social Supports, Stigma, Discrimination

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alligood, M. (2014). Nursing Theorists and Their Work. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby, Elsevier.

Aprinta E.B, G., & Dwi S.W, E. (2017). Correlation of Social Media Uses and Social Consciousness Level in Teenagers. Jurnal The Messenger, 9(1), 65–69.

Biddix, J. P. (2016). Research Rundowns: Qualitative research design, 1–3. Retrieved from https://researchrundowns.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/rrqualdesign_72009.pdf%5Cnhttps://researchrundowns.com/qual/qualitative-research-design/

Cho, J., & Trent, A. (2006). Validity in qualitative research revisited. Qualitative Research, 6(3), 319–340. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794106065006

Creswell, J. W. (2006). Five Qualitative Approches to Inquiry.

Creswell, J. W., Hanson, W. E., Clark Plano, V. L., & Morales, A. (2007). Qualitative research designs. The Counseling Psychologist, 35(2), 236–264. https://doi.org/http://dx.do.org/10.4135/9781849208826.n4i

De Giorgio, G., Quartesan, R., Sciarma, T., Giulietti, M., Piazzoli, A., Scarponi, L., … Piselli, M. (2015). Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry - From theory to clinical practice: An observational study in a general hospital. BMC Research Notes, 8(1), 4–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1375-6

Diatmi, K., & Fridari, I. G. . D. (2014). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial dengan Kualitas Hidup pada Orang Dengan HIV dan AIDS (ODHA) di Yayasan Spirit Paramacitta. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 1(2), 353–362.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Riau. (2015). Profil Kesehatan 2015. Pekan Baru.

Ditjen PP & PL Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2014). Statistik Kasus HIV/AIDS di Indonesia. Jakarta.

Hasanah, N., Sarikusuma, H., & Herani, I. (2012). Konsep Diri Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) yang Menerima Label Negative dan Diskriminasi dari Lingkungan Sosial. Psikologi-Online, 1, 29–40.

Nasronudin. (2007). HIV/AIDS Pendekatan Biologi Molekuler, Klinis dan Sosial. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

O’brien, K. K., Davis, A. M., Strike, C., Young, N. L., & Bayoumi, A. M. (2009). Putting episodic disability into context: A qualitative study exploring factors that influence disability experienced by adults living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 12(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-12-30

Riauan, M. A. R. I., & Shasrini, T. (2017). Therapeutic Communications Impact On The Image Of Health Care (Study At Regional Public Hospital Of Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru). Jurnal The Messenger, 9(1), 31–43.

Rokhmah, D. (2014). Implikasi Mobilitas Penduduk dan Gaya Hidup Seksual Terhadap Penyebaran HIV/AIDS. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 9(2), 183–190.

Sofro. (2015). Sehat dan Sukses dengan HIV/AIDS. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Streubert, H. J., & Carpenter, D. R. (2011). Qualitative Research in Nursing Advancing the Human Imperative (5th Edition). China: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v11i1.875

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal The Messenger

View My Stats Jurnal The Messenger is an International Scientific Journal, Published by the Department of Communication, FTIK, Universitas Semarang (Central Java, Indonesia). It is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.