Desensitisasi Sistematis dengan Relaksasi Zikir untuk Mengurangi Gejala Kecemasan pada Kasus Gangguan Fobia

Anisa Fitriani, Ratna Supradewi

Abstract


Phobia is anxiety disorders in the form of excessive and irrational fear to certain objects or situations. Phobia symptoms can interfere with daily activities, such as muscle tension, trembling, cold sweat, dizziness, nausea, panic, and various other discomforts. This study aimed to look at the effect of systematic desensitization therapy combined with dhikr relaxation to reduce anxiety levels in people with phobias. The method used in this research was an experiment with pretest and posttest one group design. Data obtained by phobia anxiety scale Severity Measure for Specific Phobia-Adult, observation during therapy process, interviews, and measurement of Subjective Units of Discomfort Scale (SUDS). Subjects consisted of two people, soursop phobia and needle phobia. The results showed that systematic desensitization therapy with dhikr relaxation can reduce physical and psychological anxiety symptoms, so that the subject's phobia level is reduced, from severe phobia to moderate phobia and mild phobia.

Keywords: systematic desensitization, dhikr, phobia, anxiety, relaxation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26623/philanthropy.v3i2.1689

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