POVERTY ALLEVIATION STUDIES THROUGH WOMAN EMPOWERMENT

Endang Rusdianti, Sri Purwantini, Nirsetyo Wahdi

Abstract


The community poverty condition shows that there are still many women who do not work and less maximum of the effort to increase the income of prosperous families program (UPPKS) in Semarang Regency, which is only 30% active. In this process, the integration of women in development, especially women from the weak economic group, those with low income needs to be encouraged through increasing the ability and skills to carry out productive economic activities, in order to expand employment opportunities and create businesses for themselves through business groups that then develop in the form of cooperation. The study was conducted using qualitative method that sought to explore the problems directly from the participants so that the factors that could foster the interest and motivation of women to become entrepreneurs were obtained, the hope for prosperity and the establishment of business groups related to poverty alleviation efforts through women empowerment. The research participants were women entrepreneurs who joined the group (UPPKS) and family planning field officers in Semarang Regency. Data collection techniques were carried out by conducting interviews, observation / surveillance and documentation. Data validity used triangulation technique. The results of the field research were recorded, interpreted, extracted, analyzed to form categories, patterns and then formed as a mini theory. The final results of this study are the creation of prosition and mini theory on women empowerment studies in relation to poverty alleviation through social entrepreneurship which is expected to be guidance for business.


Keywords


Social entrepreneurship; poverty alleviation; women empowerment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alfitri, 2011, Community development theories and applications, Student libraries,

Barney, J. B. 1991. Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management,

Basrowi. (2014). Entrepreneurship for Universities. Bogor. Strategic Management Journal, 5, 171-180.

Bourguignon, F., and Chakravarty, S. R. (2003). The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty. The Journal of Economics Inequality, Vol. 1

Bornstein, D., 2006. How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas (Terj. Kusumawijaya, M.). Yogyakarta: INSISTPress-Conscience of the World.

Bornstein, D., and S. Davis, 2010. Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press

Buchari Alma. (2013). Entrepreneurship

Benevene, P. and Cortini, M. (2010). "Interaction Between Structural Capital and Human Capital in Italian NPOs: Leadership, Organizational Culture and Human Resource Management". Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 11 Iss: 2

Bornstein, D. & Davis, S. (2010). Social entrepreneurship: What everyone needs to know teaching notes. New York: Oxford University Press

Carter, S. & Evans, D.J. (2006). Entrepreneurship and small business: Principle, practice and policy. Harlow: Prentice Hall

. Camelia, A. and Tishler, A. (2004). "Resource, Capabilities and the Performance of Industrial Firms: A Multivariate Analysis". Managerial and Decision Economics.

Cooper, D. R. and Schindler, P. S. (2011), 'Business Research Methods'. 9th Edition McGraw-Hill.David,

Cheyne, Christine, Mike O’Brien and Michael Belgrave (1998), Social Policy in Aotearoa New Nealand: A Critical Introduction, Auckland: Oxford University Press.

Cox, 2004, Outline of Presentation on Poverty Alleviation Programs in the Asia Pacific Region, Paper presented at the International Seminar on Indonesian Curriculum Development for Social Work Eduation, Bandung, College of Social Welfare

de Castro, G., M., and Saez, P. L., and Lopez, J. (2004). "The Role of Corporate Reputation in Developing Relational Capital". Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 5 Iss: 4 pp. 579-585.

Dees, G.J. (1998). The meaning of social entrepreneurship, paper, Stanford: Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership, Stanford University.

Dewi Mayavanie S, (2005), The Role of Women in Poverty Reduction Efforts), Work Paper.

Drucker, P. F. (1984). Innovation and entrepreneurship. California: Perfect Bound.

Dimyati and Mudjiono. (2013). Learning and Development. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta

Fahy, John. (2000). "The Resource View of the Firm: Some Stumbling Blocks on the Road to Understanding Sustainable Competitive Advantage". Journal of European Industrial Training, 24/2/3/4,

Ferriera, J.J; Azevedo, G.S and Fernandez, R. (2011). "Contribution of Resource Based View and Entrepreneurial Orientation on Small Firm Growth". Cuadernos de Gestin, Vol 11, no 1,

Handayani, I. P. (2012). Beyond Statistics of Poverty. The Jakarta Post. Accessed from http://www.thejakartapost.com/ news / 2012/02/13 / beyond-statisticspoverty.html.

Haryanto, Sugeng, 2008, The Effective Role of Women in Home Improvement of Poor Households: Study of Cases in Women's Dissemination in Pucanganak District of Tugu, Trenggalek, Journal of Economic Development Vol 9, No 2, Dec 2008

Hastuti, Dyah Respati, 2008, Female Empowerment Empowerment Model Based on Mededaya Efforts in Rural Poverty Eradication, Journal of Economics, Faculty of Economics, State University of Yogyakarta.

Hariniati, 2010, Typology of Argoecosystem-Based Kemisikan and Vulnerability and Its Implications for Poverty Reduction Policy, http://www.ipb.ac.id

Hureirah, A, 2005, Poverty Reduction Strategy, Social Welfare Sciences, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences UNPAS-LSM Springs (Community of Love for the Motherland), Bandung

Hockerts, K., Mair, J. Robinson, J. (2010). Values and Opportunities in Social Entrepreneurship. New York: Palgrave Macmillan

Isma Rosyida, and Fredian Tonny Nasdian, Community Participation and Stakeholders in Implementing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Programs and Their Impacts on Rural Communities, Transdisciplinary Sociology Journal, Communication and Human Ecology, (Bogor: 2011).

Ismail, A., I. and Rosez, R., C. and Uli, J. and Abdullah, H. (2012). "The Relationship Between Organizational Resources, Capabilities, Systems and Competitive Advantage". Asian Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1,

Jiao, H., 2011. A Conceptual Model for Social Entrepreneurship Directed Toward Social Impact on Society. Social Enterprise Journal, 7 (2):

Jordon, C. M., and Martos, M., S. (2012). "Intellectual Capital Emerging Clusters in Latin America". Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 13

Thurs, Jugdev. (2005). "The VRIO Framework of Competitive Advantage: Preliminary Research Implication for Organizational Innovations as Drawn from a Project Management Study". The Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology: A discipline for melting the boundaries, Portland, Oregon

Lestari, RahayuEndan, Santoso, Imam; Sulastri, DwiRina; 1997, Contribution of Women in Ants Sugar Agribusiness in Kab. Blitar, East Java Province, Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1 February

Leonardus Saiman. (2009). Entrepreneurship, Theory, Practice, and Cases. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Mair, J., 2006. Exploring the Intentions and Opportunities Behind Social Entrepreneurship.

J. Mair, J. Robinson, and K. Hockerts (Ed.). Social Entrepreneurship: 89-94. New York (USA): Palgrave Macmillan

Mariun, N Badrun, 2004, Contribution of Women to Increasing Poor Household Income: Case Study in 4 Districts, Cities, Demographics Year 34

Mubyarto, 1989. Introduction to Agricultural Economics. LP3ES, Jakarta

Morales, Armando and Bradford W. Sheafor (1989) Social Work: A profession of Many Faces, Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon

Nicholls, A., 2006. Social Entrepreneurship: New Models of Sustainable Social Change. New York: Oxford University Press.

Perrini, F. & Vurro, C. (2010). Developing an Interactive Model of Social Entrepreneurship.

Noruzi, M. R., J. H. Westover, and G. R. Rahimi, 2010. An Exploration of Social Entrepreneurship in the Entrepreneurship Era. Asian Social Science,

Niles, 1990, Hansen.Rural Sociological Society,

Ngah, Rohana and Ibrahim, Abdul Razak, (2009). "The Relationship of Intellectual Capital, Innovation and Organizational Performance: A Preliminary Study in Malaysian SMEs". International Journal of Management Innovation Systems Vol. 1 No. 1: E1,

Oemar Hamalik. (2002). Learning and Teaching Psychology. Bandung:

Patra, S. K., and S. C. Nath, 2014. Social Transformation through the Social Entrepreneurrhip: An Exploratory Study. The IUP Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, XI (1): 7-17. The World Bank.

Payne 1997, modern social work theory

Perrini, F. & Vurro, C. (2010). Developing an Interactive Model of Social Entrepreneurship.

Puji Meilita Sugiana, Implementation of Poverty Reduction Policy through the Joint Business Group Economic Empowerment Program (KUBE) in South Jakarta, in the 2012 University of Indonesia Thesis.

Prasetyo, Adit, 2010, Analysis of Factors Affecting Poverty Levels, Faculty of Economics, Undip, Semarang

Rasita Ekawati P, 2007, Importance of GPI (Gender and Poverty Inclusive), Monev Senior Project Officer, ACCESS.

Rahayuningsih, Sri and Agus Murdiyanto, 2015, Efforts to Increase Income of Poor Households with Electric Canting Craftsmen (Empirical Study of Batik Craftsmen in Kec. GunungPati, Semarang), Proceedings of the National Seminar & Call for Papers, Faculty of Economics and Business, STIKUBANK University, Semarang

Riant Nugroho, 2008, Gender and Mainstreaming-Main Strategies in Indonesia Yogyakarta: Student Library, 2008

Rusdianti, Endang; Paulus Wardoyo & Sri Purwantini, 2014, Study of Decisions of Students Continuing Study in the District of Vocational School (Vocational High School), Journal & Proceeding FEB Unsoed, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2015

Rusdianti, Endang; Paulus Wardoyo & Sri Purwantini, 2015, Study of Conventional Savings and Loan Cooperative Fund Management in Semarang City, University of Semarang Institute for Research and Community Service

Sumaryadi, 2004, autonomous regional development planning and community empowerment. Jakarta. Main image.

Silva, AK and MM Harridge, 1996, Economics of Scale and Imperfect Competition in Applied Gerneal Equilibrium Model of the Australian Economy Working Paper No Op 84, Center of Policy Studies and the Impact Project, Monash Univeristy

Shiva, V & M, Miecs, 2005, Ecofeminism: Perpectif Gerakan Perempuan & Lingkungan, Translation from Ecofinism of Kelik Ismunnto & Lilik, IRE Press, Yogyakarta

Sinaga, Asmina Herawati, 2014, Effects of Urban Poverty Reduction on Social Life and Community Economy, Darma Agung Journal

Spicker, Paul (1995), Social Policy: Themes and Approaches, London: Prentice-Hall.

Suharto, Edi (1997), Development, Social Policy and Social Work: Thinking Spectrum, Bandung: Institute for Development Study of STKS (LSP-STKS).

Sulistiyani, 2004, Partnership and Empowerment Models (Yogyakarta: Media Style,

Suryana. (2001). Entrepreneurship. Jakarta:

Totok Mardikanto, M.S and Dr. Ir. H. Poerwoko Soebiato, M.Sc, 2013, Community Empowerment in the Public Policy Perspective, ALFABETA,

Tamim Saefuddin, 2008, Program. Healthy & Prosperous Family Women (PERKASSA) Through Strengthening the Capital of Women's Cooperatives, papers.

Teuku Syarif, 2007, Cooperative as a Bankeer for Women, Papers.

Todaro, Michael and Stephen Smith, 2008. Economic Development, Longman: New York, USA.

Wamuyu Gikonyo, et al., 2005, Empowering Young Women through Micro-Enterprise Scaling-Up: A Case of Malaysian Rural Women (A concept paper)

Wahyudi, I Made Cipta, 2007. Empowerment of the poor through a joint KUBE business group :: Study of KUBE in Kawan Village, Bangli District, Bangli Regency

Wardoyo, Paulus; Endang Rusdianti, Wyati Saddewisasi, Sri Purwantini and Najib, 2014, Effectiveness of Business Programs to Increase Income of Prosperous Families in Semarang District (Case Study in West and East Ungaran Districts), Society Research and Community Service, Semarang University

Wardoyo, Paulus, Endang Rusdiantidan Sri Purwantini, 2014, The Effect of Entrepreneurship Orientation on Business Strategies and Business Performance of MSMEs in the End Villages, Pabelan District, Semarang District, Journal & Proceeding FEB Unsoed, Vol 5, No. 1, 2015

Wernerfelt, B. 1984. A resource-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5, 171-180.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.